You may be interested in the following resources, in the field of aviation:

Aircraft are traditionally categorized according to their general characteristics, as shown on the following four-language table.

A different categorization is based on manufacturing characteristics, featured on page Aircraft Manufacturing Categories.

 

ENGLISH

FRANÇAIS

aircraft

lighter
than air:
aerostat

non-power-driven

balloon

free

spherical

aéronef

plus léger
que l'air:
aérostat

non entraîné
par
un organe moteur

ballon

libre

sphérique

non-spherical

non sphérique

tethered

spherical

captif

sphérique

non-spherical

non sphérique

power-driven

airship

rigid

entraîné
par
un organe moteur

dirigeable

rigide

semi-rigid

semi-rigide

non-rigid

souple

heavier
than air:
aerodyne

non-power-driven

fixed-wing

glider

gliding

plus lourds
que l'air:
aérodyne

non entraîné
par
un organe moteur

à voilure
fixe

planeur

de vol plané

soaring

de vol à voile

kite

cerf-volant

power-driven

fixed-wing
(*)

aeroplane [airplane]

entraîné
par
un organe moteur

à voilure
fixe
(*)

avion

seaplane

hydravion

amphibious aircraft

avion amphibie

rotary-wing

rotorcraft

helicopter

à voilure tournante

aérogire

hélicoptère

autogyro

autogire

flapping-wing

ornithopter

à ailes battantes

ornithoptère

fixed- and
rotary-wing

convertiplane

à voilure
fixe et
à voilure tournante

convertible

ESPAÑOL

ITALIANO

aeronave

más liviana
que el aire:
aerostato

no
propulsado
por motor

globo

libre

esférico

aeromobile

più leggero
dell'aria:
aerostato

non munito di
organo
motopropulsore

pallone

libero

sferico

no esférico

non sferico

cautivo

esférico

frenato

sferico

no esférico

non sferico

propulsado
por motor

dirigible

rígido

munito di
organo
motopropulsore

dirigibile

rigido

semi rígido

semirigido

no rígido

floscio

más pesada
que el aire:
aerodino

no
propulsado
por motor

de ala fija

planeador

 

più pesante
dell'aria:
aerodina

non munito di
organo
motopropulsore

ad ala fissa

aliante

libratore

 

veleggiaore

cometa

cervo volante

propulsado
por motor

de ala fija
(*)

avión (aeroplano)

munito di
organo
motopropulsore

ad ala fissa
(*)

velivolo

aeroplano

hidroavión

idrovolante

avión anfibio

anfibio

de ala giratoria

aeronave

helicóptero

ad ala
rotante

aerogiro

elicottero

de alas giratorias

autogiro

autogiro

de ala batiente

ornitóptero

ad ala
battente

ornitottero

de ala fija
y
de ala giratoria

convertiplano

ad ala fissa e
ad ala rotante

convertiplano

 

(*) This category gets a specific name, in some languages – e.g. "velivolo", in Italian. This is not the case in English, French, Spanish.

Multilingual Dictionaries

Select menu items, from the right-hand panel or below, and get terms and phrases in various languages and their reciprocal translations, as well as relevant articles, in the fields of:

The following table shows aircraft categorization based on manufacturing characteristics and airworthiness codes, according to EASA, European Aviation Safety Agency regulation.

General characteristics are taken into account on Aircraft Categories four-language table.

 

Airworthiness Code

Manufacturing Category

CS-VLA

Very Light Aeroplane

CS-VLR

Very Light Rotorcraft

CS-22

Sailplane or Powered Sailplane ‒ Utility and/or Aerobatic Category

CS-23

Normal, Utility, Aerobatic, or Commuter Category Aeroplane

CS-25

Large Aeroplane

CS-27

Small Rotorcraft

CS-29

Large Rotorcraft

CS-30N

Normal and/or Commuter Category Airship

CS-30T

Transport Airship

CS-31HA

Hot-Air Airship

CS-31HB

Hot-Air Balloon

CS-31GB

Free Gas Balloon

CS-31TGB

Tethered Gas Balloon